ERBS PALSY SOLICITORS - MEDICAL NEGLIGENCE INJURY COMPENSATION
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Erbs Palsy is caused by injury to the nervous system which occurs when a child is subjected to excessive trauma during delivery. This condition which results in numerous medical negligence compensation claims is caused by an injury to the brachial plexus, which is a network of nerves that run from the spine to the tips of the fingers. If you think that your child's condition has arisen as a result of medical negligence, contact our erbs palsy solicitors for advice at no cost.
Children with brachial plexus injuries are affected in different ways including:
- lack of muscle
control and feeling in an arm or hand
- little control over the wrist and hand
- reduced control of shoulder or elbow muscles
The four main types of brachial plexus injuries are:
- avulsion occurs when the nerve is torn from the spine
- rupture occurs when a nerve is torn but not close to the spine
- neuroma occurs when scar tissue puts pressure on the nerves
- praxis occurs when the nerve has been damaged but not torn
Clinical malpractice may be associated with the following risk factors;
HELPLINE: ☎ 1800 633634
- failure to perform a caesarean section
- failure to estimate a large baby's weight prior to delivery
- failure to recognise and treat maternal diabetes
- failure to follow protocols for shoulder dystocia
- failure to inform of the risks in vaginal delivery of a large baby
- applying unnecessary and excessive traction during the delivery
Erbs Palsy Solicitors
Medical negligence compensation claims arise as a result of failure by a health care provider
to treat and care for a patient with a reasonable degree of skill and care.
If a doctor or nurse was careless, lacked proper skills or disregarded established
rules which caused injury during your child's delivery then they may be found to be negligent. Hospitals can be liable to pay compensation for the incompetence
of their employees, including doctors, nurses and technicians.
Erbs Palsy can be a devastating injury with serious long term problems and disability. Claims are often complex and technical and it is essential that you are properly represented to ensure that you establish liability and obtain maximum
compensation for your child. We can help you take the guesswork out of choosing an experienced erbs palsy solicitor.
If you would like legal advice at no cost about claiming compensation for erbs palsy just use the helpline, complete the contact form or email our lawyers offices and a specialist medical negligence solicitor will telephone you with no further obligation. Following a review of the circumstances of the injury and of the medical records you will be advised whether your child has a reasonable claim and if so, what steps you should take to protect your legal right to receive compensation. Our erbs palsy solicitors use no win no fee arrangements to represent their clients which means that if your solicitor doesn't achieve settlement then he doesn't get paid his professional costs and the client does not receive a bill for legal costs.
HELPLINE: ☎ 1800 633634
Erbs Palsy Medical Overview
Also known as brachial palsy or brachial plexus palsy or Erb-Duchenne paralysis
Erb's palsy is a birth trauma caused by the damage to the collection of nerves called the brachial plexus, located in the underarm and shoulder of the infant. It is caused by the abnormal pulling on the brachial plexus in the birth process. It occurs when there is shoulder dystocia or a misfit between the shoulders and the women's pelvis.
A difficult delivery with a large infant and a small pelvis is the main cause of Erb's palsy. The head fits through the pelvis but the shoulders do not fit through and the infant becomes stuck. If the doctor or midwife pulls too hard on the head and shoulders of the infant, it can stretch or tear the nerves in the shoulder or underarm area of the infant, resulting in nerve damage and Erb's palsy. It usually occurs on just one side of the body but can, in rare circumstances, where the doctor pulls on both sides of the shoulders, it can occur on both sides of the body. It can also be caused by pressure placed on the upraised arms of an infant born in the breech position.
Erb's palsy or brachial plexus palsy can occur in different forms. It can affect only the upper arm of the infant in which the infant can't raise or rotate at the upper arm. It can also affect the upper arm and the rotation of the lower arm. In a variant of Erb's palsy, called Klumpke paralysis, the hand is affected. There is also an eyelid droop on the opposite side of the body in Klumpke paralysis in some cases.
Risk factors for brachial plexus palsy or Erb's palsy include having a large infant greater than 9 pounds or so, having a breech delivery in which the shoulders get stuck in the birth canal. It can also occur if there is shoulder dystocia, in which the shoulders do not fit in the birth canal after the head has gone through.
The symptoms of Erb's palsy are often found soon after birth, often within the first few hours after birth. They involve the absence of a Moro reflex on the side of the body affected with Erb's palsy, an arm that is held against the side of the body and flexed at the elbow. There is a decrease in the hand grip on the side of the body affected by Erb's palsy and a loss of spontaneous movement on the lower arm, upper arm or hand of the affected side of the body.
Doctors can test for the presence of Erb's palsy by revealing a lack of a Moro reflex on the affected side of the body. The infant may have paralysis or extreme weakness noted on the arm of the affected side of the body. Doctors need to rule out the presence of a pseudoparalysis of the arm, which is when the infant has a clavicular fracture or collar bone fracture that impairs mobility of the upper arm due to pain in the fracture site.
The treatment of Erb's palsy may simply be watchful waiting. Erb's palsy can spontaneously get better if the nerves are allowed to rest and heal. Doctors simply pin the arm to the side of the baby's body and allow the nerves to heal and regenerate. If the nerves are torn, watchful waiting may not be enough and the infant will still have problems by six months of age. Surgery on the nerves might restore the function of the nerve and tendon transfer surgery may be required to allow different tendons to make the arm work than normally used. Some practitioners recommend gentle massage and exercises directed at increasing the range of motion of the arm while the nerves are healing. This can be done with or without surgery to the affected arm.
Most infants resolve their brachial plexus palsy within six months of the delivery. If there is not spontaneous return to normal functioning, then the doctor may wish to consider surgery to the affected area.